Tuesday, June 30, 2015

GM Free Coalition Warns GEAC Against GM Mustard Commercialisation

Coalition For A GM Free India
Press Release

New Delhi, June 17, 2015: “Bt Brinal then, GM Mustard now – will GEAC repeat the mistake of thrusting Genetically Modified food onto our plates? We will strongly oppose any attempt to approve commercialization of GM mustard,” warned the Coalition for GM Free India. The Coalition while releasing a Briefing Paper on Delhi University’s GM mustard at a press conference in the capital reminded the GM regulator about the flood of concerns that rocked the entire country when Bt Brinjal, the first GM food crop that was approved by the regulator and later had to be put under an indefinite moratorium by the government during 2009-10.  GM mustard is the first genetically engineered food crop being considered for commercial approval by GEAC since the Bt Brinjal fiasco.  

Speaking at the press conference, Rajesh Krishnan, Convenor of the Coalition said, “Delhi University’s GM mustard is essentially a backdoor entry for herbicide-tolerant (HT) crops into India, in the guise of a public sector GM crop. An attempt was made for a very similar GM mustard by an MNC into India in 2002 which the regulators firmly rejected. Incidentally, rejection of herbicide tolerant crops is a recommendation made repeatedly by many Committees over the years, given the health, environmental and enormous socio-economic impact that this will leave on rural employment.” He further stated, “The GM mustard developers are hoodwinking the nation with claims on yield increase whereas there is no yield improvement compared with the same hybrid produced through non-GM process. The purported genetic modification for male sterility is only meant to ease the seed production by the seed sellers. This is nothing but a Trojan horse for many other HT GM crops lined up by MNCs like Monsanto which are in the regulatory pipeline”

The GM mustard in question named DMH 11 (Dhara Mustard Hybrid 11) has been developed by the Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants, University of Delhi with support from DBT (Dept of Biotechnology) and NDDB (National Dairy Development Board). It has reportedly completed biosafety assessments and could be brought up in the Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC), the nodal agency for any environmental releases of GMOs in the country, for commercialization approval. DMH 11 hybrid mustard has been created by genetically engineering bacterial genes into selected mustard parental lines to create male sterile parent plants. This is used for the production of hybrids seeds which are then sold to the farmers for cultivation. Along with these genes for hybrid production is also another bacterial gene for herbicide tolerance in the guise of a marker gene.

“At a time when the entire nation is concerned with laxity in food safety regulation as seen in the Maggi case, it is outrageous that GM food crops are being pushed without adequate safety assessment and transparency,” said Kavitha Kuruganti, Convenor, Alliance for Sustainable and Holistic Agriculture (ASHA).  “The entire biosafety assessment of this GM mustard is shrouded in secrecy with repeated efforts including RTI requests to seek information on the statutory safety assessments having remained unanswered from GEAC, starting from 2006. In the latest RTI effort we made, biosafety information was denied on the grounds that ‘it was under process’. This, when all the biosafety reports, the biology of the crop and other literature are supposed to be made available in the public domain, as per the Supreme Court Orders in a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) on GM technology (WP 260/2005),” she added.

This GM mustard comes up for consideration for commercialization approval when there is an increasing body of scientific evidence on the adverse impacts of GM crops and herbicides including a recent study by WHO pointing to the carcinogenic potential of herbicides like glyphosate [1]. Contamination is inevitable from this GM mustard and even the developer of the GM mustard Dr Deepak Pental had accepted that. This is a matter of grave concern since India is a Centre of Diversity for mustard.

Sharing that violation of biosafety norms has become a routine matter in India including in the case of this GM mustard, Pankaj Bhushan, Co-Convenor, Coalition for a GM-Free India said, “In the recent BRL II trial of this GM mustard in Bathinda, biosafety conditions laid down by the regulators while permitting the field trial have been found to be violated and photographic evidence of the same has been sent to the GEAC for action [2]. We demand that the GEAC investigate this immediately and fix liability for such violations”.

Notes to the Editor:
(1)   Evaluation of five herbicides by International Agency for Research on Cancer (WHO): http://www.iarc.fr/en/media-centre/iarcnews/pdf/MonographVolume112.pdf

(2)   Coalition letter to GEAC on violations at the GM mustard field trial site is available at http://indiagminfo.org/?p=870


For more information, contact:
Rajesh Krishnan: Coalition for a GM Free India, 098-456-50032, rajeshecologist@gmail.com
Kavitha Kuruganti: ASHA, 093-930-01550, kavitakuruganti@gmail.com

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जीएम-मुक्त राष्ट्रीय गठबंधन  
प्रेस रिलीज़
जीएम सरसों के व्यावसायीकरण के विरुद्ध चेतावनी
नई दिल्लीजून 17, 2015: तब जीएम बैगन और अब जीएम सरसों – क्या हमारे खाने में फि से ज़हर घोलने की कोशिश हो रही है?हम पूरी शक्ति के साथ जीएम सरसों के व्यावसायीकरण का विरोध करेंगेहम ऐसा नहीं होने देंगेजीएम-मुक्त गठबंधन ने यह आजयहाँ एक प्रेस कांफ्रेंस में यह चेतावनी दी.

दिल्ली विश्वविद्यालय के जीएम रसों रिसर्च पर ध्यानाकर्षण करत हुए यह बताया गया कि कैसे बीटी बैगन के विरुद्ध पूरे देश मेचिंता जतायी गई थी और कैसे पिछली यूपीए सरकार को उसे अनिश्चितकाल के लिए 2009-10 में रोकना पड़ा था.  बीटी बैगन कीअसफलता के बाद जीएम सरसों पहला जैव परिवर्तित (ीएमखाद्य पदार्थ है जो व्यावसायिक उत्पादन के लिए जेनेटिकंजीनियरिंग एप्रूवल कमेटी (जीईएसीके विचाराधीन है.  

गठबंधन संयोजक राजेश कृष्णन ने बताया कि दिल्ली विश्वविद्यालय के जीएम सरसों के माध्यम से शाक-सहिष्णु पदार्थों(हर्बीसाइड-टॉलरेंट क्रॉप्सको जीएम पदार्थ के रूप में देश में पिछले दरवाजे से घुसाने की कोशिश की जा रह हैइस तरह का एकप्रयास 2002 में भी एक बहुराष्ट्रीय कंपनी ्वारा हुआ थाजिसे ठुकरा दिया गया था. जीएम सरसों के समर्थक से देश को गुमराहकर रहे हैं कि इससे पैदावार बढ़ेगी.

एलायन्स फॉर सस्टेनेबल एंड होलिस्टिक एग्रीकल्चर की संयोजक कविता कुरुगंती ने कहा कि अभी देश में खाद्य पदार्थों की सुरक्षा लेकर बहस छिड़ी हुई हैजैसा ि मैगी के मामले में देखा गया वैसे में यह शर्मनाक है कि ीएम खाद्य फसलों को पर्याप्तसुरक्षा आकलन और पारदर्शिता के बिना ही बाज़ार में उतारने की कोई कोशिश की जाए. जीएम सरसों से जुड़े तथ्य और सम्बंधित जैवसुरक्षा आकलन पहले से ही गोपनीयता में डूबे हुए हैं. आरटीई द्वारा भी जवाब नहीं मिल रहाजबकि समुचित जानकारी जनता कोमिलनी ज़रूरी है जैसा कि जीएम तकनीक से जुड़े एक पीआईएल (WP 260/2005) में सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने कहा है.

जीएम-मुक्त राष्ट्रीय गठबंधन के सह-संयोजक पंकज भूषण ने कहा कि जैव सुरक्षा नियमों  उल्लंघन भारत में अब एक नियमिमामला बन गया हैभटिंडा में ीएम सरसों के परिक्षण के दौरान ही घोर अनियमितता पायी गई जहाँ सुरक्षा नियमों की धज्जी उड़ाईगई जिसके विरुद्ध जेनेटिक ंजीनियरिंग एप्रूवल कमेटी को शिकायत की गई हैइस ताज़ा मामले ें भी अभी तक कोई कार्रवाई नहींहुई है. 

संपादक के लिए नोट:
Evaluation of five herbicides by International Agency for Research on Cancer (WHO): http://www.iarc.fr/en/media-centre/iarcnews/pdf/MonographVolume112.pdf

Coalition letter to GEAC on violations at the GM mustard field trial site is available at http://indiagminfo.org/?p=870


अधिक जानकारी के लिएसंपर्क करें:
राजेश कृष्णन 098-456-50032 rajeshecologist@gmail.com
कविता कुरुगंती 093-930-01550 kavitakuruganti@gmail.com